Video Archive | Urban design (95)

Sarah Whiting Engaging Autonomy-clip_8384
Sarah Whiting discusses "Notes around the Doppler Effect and Other Moods of Modernism," an article in Perspecta #33,...
Keller Easterling Extrastatecraft-clip_8010
Keller Easterling discusses the current global proliferation of generic urban environments, which she calls "matrix...
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos
Pier Vittorio Aureli warns the audience that his lecture will be the first presentation of his introduction to an upcoming book...
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7898
Pier Vittorio Aureli warns the audience that his lecture will be the first presentation of his introduction to an upcoming book...
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7899
Pier Vittorio Aureli describes the rebirth of European cities in the 10th-12th centuries in terms of their significance shifting...
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7901
Pier Vittorio Aureli discusses Nicholas de La Mare, whose 1707 Traité de la Police extends the concept of controlling...
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7902
Pier Vittorio Aureli notes that Corbusier's 1923 Towards an Architecture was originally titled Architecture or...
Peter Trummer-clip_7382
Hernan Diaz Alonso introduces Peter Trummer.  Trummer's research deals with, what Diaz Alonso calls a large notion of...

Sarah Whiting Engaging Autonomy-clip_8384

View the Full Video: Sarah Whiting Engaging Autonomy
November 6, 2013 | Video Lecturer:

Subclip

Sarah Whiting discusses “Notes around the Doppler Effect and Other Moods of Modernism,” an article in Perspecta #33, 2002, which she wrote with Robert Somol to attack the anti-object trend as critical posing, derived from simplistic opposition between object and context. As a counter-example of how objects and context interrelate, she discusses her research into the development of IIT campus within the context of Chicago’s South Side.


Keller Easterling Extrastatecraft-clip_8010

View the Full Video: Keller Easterling Extrastatecraft
March 13, 2013 | Video Lecturer:

Subclip

Keller Easterling discusses the current global proliferation of generic urban environments, which she calls “matrix space.” Though promoted by “quants and McKinsey consultants,” these projects are often unprofitable, and unsustainable. Easterling stresses how they tend to leave spatial forms as their only and most enduring legacy. She argues that architects need to augment their knowledge of object form with skills in developing active forms–designing systems of growth and contagion. She cites the rule-based, open-ended Oglethorpe Plan for Savannah as a precedent.


Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos

January 23, 2013 | Video Lecturer:
Introduction by:

Pier Vittorio Aureli warns the audience that his lecture will be the first presentation of his introduction to an upcoming book on the history of the architectural project. He begins by defining architectural form as a representation of ethos, in the sense of character but also in the sense of shared habits and beliefs. The earliest concept of the architectural project–a mediation between the designer and the builder–can be seen in Vitruvius. Aureli describes the rebirth of European cities in the 10th-12th centuries in terms of their significance shifting from military to economic functions, and describes perspective, as developed by Alberti and Brunelleschi as a technique of measuring and ordering space. Aureli identifies Sebastiano Serlio’s early 16th century book on domestic architecture as an illustration of the moment when the architectural plan became the central organizational device for buildings and the city, and see it applied in Paris at the Place des Vosges (1605) and Place Vendôme (1699), and the Nolli map of Rome (1748). Aureli points out how Pierre Patte’s late 18th century drawings of Paris employ the section view to reveal infrastructure services such as sewers. Aureli discusses Nicholas de La Mare, whose 1707 Traité de la Police extends the concept of controlling and organizing the city from construction to services. He goes on to discuss Ildefons Cerdà’s 1859 plan for the extension of Barcelona as the first plan based on data, designed to maximize circulation. Aureli notes that Corbusier’s 1923 Towards an Architecture was originally titled Architecture or Revolution. He describes Corbusier’s Dom-ino plan of a basic building unit as a single pixel in an urban screen. Aureli describes post-World War II Athens as “a lava flow” created by multiplication of a Dom-ino-like polykatoikia basic building type, which was encouraged by municipal building codes. In contemporary Athens Aureli sees a realization of Archizoom’s infrastructural grid, stripped of utopianism. Aureli concludes that design is not enough, and that it might be necessary for architects to abandon the idea of the project in order to engage the urban totality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clips

Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7897
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7897
Todd Gannon introduces Pier Vittorio Aureli as both a practicing architect--in the firm Dogma, with Martino Tattara--and as the...
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7898
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7898
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7899
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7899
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7900
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7900
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7901
Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7901

Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7898

Subclip

Pier Vittorio Aureli warns the audience that his lecture will be the first presentation of his introduction to an upcoming book on the history of the architectural project. He begins by defining architectural form as a representation of ethos, in the sense of character but also in the sense of shared habits and beliefs. The earliest concept of the architectural project–a mediation between the designer and the builder–can be seen in Vitruvius. Aureli characterizes the Ten Books on Architecture as one of many attempts by intellectuals of the early Roman Empire to rewrite existing knowledge. Vitruvius stressed architecture as the organization of cities and the building of civic spaces–a brief which includes war machines.


Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7899

Subclip

Pier Vittorio Aureli describes the rebirth of European cities in the 10th-12th centuries in terms of their significance shifting from military to economic functions. He discusses Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s 14th century Allegory of Good and Bad Government in Siena as an illustration of the early renaissance focus on maximizing individual productivity while minimizing the inevitable social conflicts. He describes perspective, as developed by Alberti and Brunelleschi as a technique of measuring and ordering space. In the same way, their architectural designs, such as Alberti’s Palazzo Rucellai (circa 1451), stress intelligibility, and modular systems that can project out into the city.


Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7901

Subclip

Pier Vittorio Aureli discusses Nicholas de La Mare, whose 1707 Traité de la Police extends the concept of controlling and organizing the city from construction to services. Aureli stresses how de La Mare presented his argument not as established principles, but as possible approaches to be verified by empirical evidence. He goes on to discuss Ildefons Cerdà’s 1859 plan for the extension of Barcelona as the first plan based on data, designed to maximize circulation. Cerdà innovated the concept of “urbanization,” and Aureli notes that his Teoría General de la Urbanización appeared in 1867, the same year as Karl Marx’s Kapital. Aureli discusses the Paris Commune of 1871 as an eruption of urban class war which all subsequent city planning attempted to tame.


Pier Vittorio Aureli Theory And Ethos-clip_7902

Subclip

Pier Vittorio Aureli notes that Corbusier’s 1923 Towards an Architecture was originally titled Architecture or Revolution. He describes Corbusier’s Dom-ino plan of a basic building unit as a single pixel in an urban screen. Aureli describes post-World War II Athens as “a lava flow” created by multiplication of a Dom-ino-like polykatoikia basic building type, which was encouraged by municipal building codes. In contemporary Athens Aureli sees a realization of Archizoom’s infrastructural grid, stripped of utopianism. Aureli concludes that design is not enough, and that it might be necessary for architects to abandon the idea of the project in order to engage the urban totality.