Khalili discusses his life experience as it relates to changes he made within his professional practice. He discusses his desire to create shelters utilizing the four basic elements, earth, water, air and fire, as motivated by a desire to enable the 85% of world citizens who lack access to construction materials to build their own homes. He studied adobe dwellings, and conducted research in Iran regarding traditional methods of construction for extreme climates. Khalili speaks of the benefits of utilizing the basic four elements within construction and challenges architects towards an equilibrium, similar to that found within nature.
Videos | Yearly Archives1983 (9)
Rem Koolhaas describes the Office for Metropolitan Architecture’s recent Parc de la Villette competition entry. He goes into great detail describing every aspect of the entry, from inception to concept and analysis to project. Dozens of slides of the enormous model walk the viewer through the project’s organization, collection of activities, and integrated infrastructure. As Koolhaas progresses, he reveals the office’s current work, reasons for moving back and forth between Europe and America, and his thoughts on the current architectural scene.
Jorge Silvetti describes three projects in depth, a hotel in San Juan Capistrano, a villa near Palermo, and a bathing folly for a competition. A connecting theme for these projects is a classical one point perspective facade, with a two point perspective interior. Silvertti stresses the careful combination of history and materials, so that the projects mix modern spatial ideas with classical building elements and materials.
This video contains two lectures given by Carolyn Dry, covering many of the same topics but presented at different times. In speaking of her approach she asserts her interest in an architecture that is not about form, but is more about the processes that generate the form. Her research looks at existing systems and tries to find ways to intervene strategically in order to drive a desired form, which she has applied to projects for clients such as NASA and the United States Navy. Her specific areas of research include building with plant and earth materials, studying and working with the inherent intelligence of existing environmental systems. Her research group, Natural Process Design focuses on developing an architecture in which humans assist, but the form is a result of activating a process in nature.
The lecture title refers to the struggle between making architecture as an autonomous art and making architecture as a cultural statement. Holl infuses his projects with American vernacular manifested through building typology, which allows him to both acknowledge building traditions and elevate their elements to the level of architecture. The Pamphlet Architecture series, which was founded by Steven Holl is aimed at giving young architects an opportunity to explain and discuss their ideas. In this lecture Holl outlines several residential projects in which he resolves issues of proportion, and other relationships within the project while consciously employing the building typology to signal that the projects are rooted in American tradition.
Mark Mack presents a selection of his work and discusses the ideas and concepts that drive each project. He discusses primitivism as an ideology in reaction to recent decadent trends in architecture. He cites Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Adolf Loos among others as outstanding figures of primitivism. Mack describes projects in the Napa Valley including one for a group of clients who were uncomfortable with the idea of living on a farm. He describes a school in Monterey, California that started as a pavilion and broke into separate buildings.
Mario Botta describes several built works, mostly houses, and his intent to use site conditions and context to shape the program layout and materials of each project. Botta argues that his architecture exploits the contradictions and realities of contemporary culture. He presents urban design projects that attempt to solve contextual problems bigger than the proposed project. He responds to questions about being classified a postmodernist, and where he feels architecture is headed.
The video presents a slide show documentating a 1982 SCI-Arc student trip to Europe. There is no narration or commentary. Imagery includes iconic buildings ancient to modern; a diversity of urban environments contrasting in scale, age and organization; and glimpses patterns, textures, automobiles, furniture, advertising, public spaces, works of art, and landscapes. There are also snapshots of student experiences and general hijinks.