Mario Campi gives a lecture about his design methods and how he deals with site and form. He focuses on a few projects, some houses, a museum, and a gymnasium, allowing him to go into detail in describing the formal, material, and circulatory aspects. Throughout the lecture Campi illustrates his concepts and beliefs regarding architecture through models, drawings, and built work.
Videos | Yearly Archives1984 (10)
This video begins with an 18-minute 1984 documentary Toxic Earth: the need to unite, from the OSHA/Environmental Network, advocating collaboration between labor unions and environmentalists. After an introduction by Shelly Kappe, Antoine Predock presents his work from an autobiographical perspective. Predock discusses the big landscapes of the Southwestern U.S. and how these have inspired and informed his work. He goes through a series of projects reflecting on the rituals of place and site, the New Mexico High Plateaus, the High Alpine region and the Rio Grande Valley, while simultaneously giving glimpses into his influences and his travels around the world.
Jay Baldwin, an industrial designer and former student of Buckminster Fuller, presents his work realizing Fuller’s geodesic dome designs with non-toxic materials at the organic farming community The New Alchemy Institute and throughout other communities in which he has served as an educator and leader.
The tape begins with an unidentified speaker taking questions from the audience about space issues. He introduces Fritz Runge. Runge discusses the design aspects of manned space missions including the space shuttle and the space station concepts then in development, known as Spacelab. He emphasizes the importance of advancing technologies in the context of the Space Race between the US and the USSR, and details the strategies employed by each nation in building their capabilities. He discusses the roles played by competing companies and nations involved in the aerospace industry. Runge also provides information about major issues in establishing space stations and the scientific advantages of more consistent space habitation.
In his introduction, Eric Chavkin notes that Joe D’Urso recently opened an office in Los Angeles where he pursues projects in Southern California. His work is described as minimalist, industrial, and post-modern. D’Urso presents a collection of interior design projects, beginning with a series of apartments in New York. He discusses the I Club in Hong Kong, and answers questions about the constraints faced by interior designers.
Dolores Hayden begins by describing the planning and construction of Vanport, Oregon in ten months, providing government-subsidized housing, childcare and hot meals for 40,000 racially-diverse defense industry workers, many of them (temporarily) single working moms. Despite this precedent, post-war policy insured that America’s dominant housing type would be the single family home, accommodating a working father, homemaker mother, and kids. Hayden describes how her search for an architecture at the GSD in the 1960s and 1970s based on equality and public participation led to the discovery of a forgotten heritage of revisions of domestic life by pioneers of “material feminism,” including Melusina Fay Pierce, Mary Livermore, Ellen Swallow Richards, Alice Constance Austin, and Sven Markelius and Alva Myrdal. Hayden argues that the single family home developments encouraged by the Federal Housing Administration and other government policies after World War II were explicitly racist, sexist, and ideologically compromised. Though Hayden considers most alternatives to suburbia proposed problematic, she notes four conspicuous successes: the Tingg?rden cohousing development in Denmark, Hubertus house for single mothers, and two conversions of 19th century Massachusetts houses into homes for seniors with shared facilities–one by Gwen R?n? and another by Barry Korobkin. Hayden concludes with a review of current challenges, stressing efforts by women to reclaim public space.
Peter Calthorpe describes the impact of Buckminister Fuller’s technological optimism, and the sharp reaction against it in the later 1970s. He describes several projects in detail, including a hand-built house in Maine, a plan to transform Hamilton Air Force Base into a Solar Village, a pedestrian-oriented community in Chino Hills, the Bateson State Office Building, and two mixed-use and housing development in Sacramento. [PLEASE NOTE: from 56:27 to 57:10 there is no image or audio.] Calthorpe responds to audience comments regarding power generation, contextualism, appropriate technology, and Postmodern architecture as an attempt to appropriate some of entertainment’s power and resources.
Ray Kappe introduces Will Bruder as the speaker. Bruder presents an extensive description of most of his projects for the past twenty years. The projects vary from small residential to large scale commercial and civic projects. Bruder describes himself as an architect of the desert, his main material being light and its manipulation as well as having a strong passion for expressing the elements of architecture and celebrating materials.