The lecture consists of a live presentation on RUCAPS (Really Universal Computer Aided Production System), a computer aided design (CAD) system for architects. The presentation has two parts, a lecture and a panel discussion. During the lecture a RUCAPS developer presents the software, discussing the possibilities computerized modeling can give to Architectural design. He compares the traditional drafting approach with new modeling approach while showing examples of projects designed in RUCAPS. During the second half, SCI-Arc computer services manager Jerry Wilhelm moderates a panel of three CAD developers, including Ched Reeder, discussing the possibilities and challenges of integrating computers into an architecture office.
Videos | Yearly Archives1985 (8)
Sam Hall Kaplan discusses his view of cities as people. His criticism is based on the belief that design should be made for people, not for the sake of design. The city is a marketplace for people, a place for meeting, a marketplace of materials, services, goods and ideas. The city culminates as the sum of our civilization. He compares and contrasts urban marketplaces and urban fabrics throughout the United States and other parts of the world.
Marc Cohan provides an overview of human factors in space station architecture, and NASA’s approach to these issues. First he describes the space station program up to the present, the beginning of the definition study phase. Next he outlines the human factors as determined by the Space Human Factors Office. He concludes with a description of some of the work that has been completed so far.
Shelly Kappe introduces Reyner Banham’s presentation of the second of two consecutive lectures (see Reyner Banham The American Factory 1900 To 1925 for part one). Reyner Banham describes the impact of American industrial architecture on its European counterpart as one characterized by speculation and misinterpretation, leading to a mythologized basis for the originating tenets of Modern Architecture. The Fagus Factory in Alfeld, Germany and the Fiat Factory in Turin, Italy serve as case studies for Banham’s analysis.
John Chase introduces Reyner Banham’s presentation of the first of two consecutive lectures (see Reyner Banham Fagus And Fiat Factories A European Response for part two) Reyner Banham lays out the developmental progression from 1900 to 1925 which led to the reinforced concrete frame factory in America. The “daylight factory”, as Banham calls it, sits alongside the American grain elevator as key inspirations for European modernists in the 1920s. Banham goes on to evaluate a series of industrial projects based on the negotiations of their structural systems with their architectural intent or non-intent and charts a path from masonry wall to brick pier to reinforced concrete.
Shelly Kappe introduces Andrew MacMillan, head of the Mackintosh School of Architecture at the Glasgow School of Art in Scotland. He discusses the history of the school and its architect, Charles Rennie Mackintosh. MacMillan describes the context of Mackintosh’s education in the late 19th century and his work as a foundation of the modern movement in architecture.
Christian Norberg-Schulz discusses the idea of meaning in architecture, monumentality, and the need to recover place in terms of figurative architecture. He discusses public space, form, and expression, illustrating his points with images of churches. Norberg-Schulz characterizes all the images and examples he shows as expressions of our human situation between earth
and sky. He discusses architectural semiotics, and references the image-, symbol-, and sign-rich designs of Bernini and Boull?e.
The lecture and two panel discussions documented in this video did not take place at SCI-Arc. Aldo van Eyck presents a selection of his work, showing each project briefly and using each to explain a particular idea about his work. He talks about a Catholic Church project in The Hague where he creates a high space on a small site with a small budget. His 1959 orphanage in Amsterdam deals with how to articulate a large flat roof, while another church project is about dematerializing walls. Showing the columns of his European Space Agency project, van Eyck stresses the importance of creating your own solutions. His presentation is followed by a panel discussion including Christian Norberg-Schulz. This is followed by another, different, panel discussion with Norberg-Schulz on urban semiotics.