Gage goes on to explain his work in relation to the sublime, incorporating ideas of vastness. For the National Library of the Czech Republic competition Gage wanted to create the sense of vastness by incorporating various horizontal references such as unobstructed horizontal views that would showcase the horizon.
Video Archive Subclip | Yearly Archives2007 (50)
Gage explains the dominant activities of architectural education are diagramming and programming, creating an attitude towards form that does not involve creating but rather assembling. Gage goes on to discuss that architecture has the tendency to use the computer to maximize efficiency. While empowering this is dangerous because it demands architecture to focus primarily on efficiency and optimization whereas he believes architecture’s role should go beyond that territory. Gage explains that the critique of process is not a new topic. Gage uses William Blake’s critique of Newton as an example of how scientific materialism can impede bigger issues of aesthetics and affect.
Hernan Diaz Alonso introduces Mark Gage by discussing the vital issue of the production and autonomy of form in relation to digital conditions. Diaz Alonso describes the capacity to think beyond process and methodology that enables the creation of visionary architecture.
Ozkan reviews the issues that arrise after selecting Zaha Hadid’s plan. One involves private versus public financing. Another involves the tremendous support of landowners for development of the under-utilized industrial area. Hadid’s scheme has had the beneficial impact of redirecting interest toward the urban experience, rather than merely parcelling the land.
Ozkan introduces another competition with a focus on the Kartal district of Istanbul, and describes three proposals. Some of the issues faced are pollution in what is described as an industrial wasteland and underpopulation, with land being very inexpensive. The first proposal by Massimilliano Fuksas creates transport lines, takes the main traffic arteries underground, and brings back the east-west relationship of the streets which were cut off by industrial sectors. Kisho Kurokawa proposes a megastructure, one long building through the entire site, along with a continuous waterway and high-rises organized around this axis. Zaha Hadid considered the urban plan as disfigured, and sought to created reconnections. Her entry also imagined distinct densities for each part of the district.
Ozkan documents the history of the competition for the redevelopment of Istanbul and Kartal. He explains his intention to invite architects “whose values are conversant with those of the 21st century.” He cites Lagoon City, a project by Dutch architects MVRDV, who envisioned the addition of marinas and new traffic interchanges. He cites a project by Kengo Kuma which bridges disparate parts of the city with a blanket-like megastructure. Kuma’s vision was embraced by the jury even though it was deemed impractical. A final proposal from Ken Yeang with an interest in ecological sustainability is also presented.
Suha Ozkan surveys the site of Istanbul, noting recent population growth and immigration as important issues for the urban design competition. The city is broken down by Ozkan into discreet zones. Ozkan concludes that a “tragic urbanization” occurred in the last half century, one that he hopes to correct by using the competition as a starting point.
In his introduction, Eric Owen Moss contrasts historical awareness in Turkey with historical illiteracy in the U.S. He then references the effects of globalization on Turkey and how the twenty-first century will extend the nineteenth while skipping over the twentieth. Finally he introduces the topic of Istanbul, a city that both connects and divides the continents of Europe and Asia while “re-imagining the history it belongs to”.