Zhang Liang Gao discusses Chinese architecture in terms of “it’s form, color, its space, and its design idea.” He stresses the visual alignment of buildings throughout China and discusses buildings having a “background” and “foreground.” He highlights the stilt houses in the River Valley of Central China and explains their popularity as a defense against annual flooding. Gao talks about stilt and elevated houses in other parts of the world.
Video Archive | Neil Denari (25)
Cuff remarks that her talk will focus on large residential developments in Southern California covered in her upcoming book, “The Provisional City.” She comments on the role of public housing in shaping the urban and suburban landscape and the post-war American city. The federal government defined these trends through funding. She asks, “why did suburban development succeed and modern utopian visions fail, and why was the suburban home not a modern home?” Cuff argues that urban theory needs to focus on unstable and temporary conditions. In much of the development of the past, history is wiped out in discontinuous ways, leaving no trace of former spatial organizations. Cuff characterizes “community building” projects as utopian in their destruction of a past for an idealized notion of a future. Cuff discusses the removal of individuals from their homes through eminent domain, and relocating them in new residences. She cites the development of Elysian Park Heights in Los Angeles and the controversy surrounding public housing in an era of anti-communist sentiment. Cuff discusses the role of the Los Angeles Times in blocking public housing. She describes how the modernist design aspect of faded from urban visions and design ideals for the private housing sector.
Will Alsop argues for the importance of of drawing in architecture. He outlines his academic career at the Architecture Association, noting that he was taught by every member of Archigram. He discusses the redevelopment of West Bromwich, a building for Almere, a museum in Melbourne, and an underground metro station for the North Greenwich Peninsula.
Josep Llu?s Mateo characterizes his career as focused on the design and construction of new models of housing. Mateo describes a series of residential projects as being concerned with protection, the relationship between inside and outside, tensions between private and public space, and the effect of housing on urban structures. He describes a housing project in Amsterdam composed of high density single family units, stressing the roof as a domestic landscape. He presents three unbuilt competition entries, three housing projects, and a convention center in Barcelona. He explains that all of these projects deal with nature, their sites, and contextual relationships.
Clive Sall discusses projects produced with FAT (Fashion, Architecture, Taste), and collaborative activities to disrupt public spaces, including the People’s Princess bridge for London, the Outpost project at the Venice Biennale, his banned Satanic billboard, a bus shelter, projects employing photography, and an “African house within a house.”
Peter Cook begins by discussing his fascination with apparent randomness, and how it is achieved through an alternative sense of order. He stresses the importance of inspiration from non-architectural objects, such as music and landscape, and in his own work, and how this translates into an ordered architectural communication through drawing. Topics include Archigram, his Shadow House, Veg Village, Plug-In City, residential projects in Berlin and Moscow, his own residence, and the research project Super Houston.
Jinai Kim presents her architecture and urban design work in Korea. followed by a short Q&A with the audience. She discusses being inspired by flowers,
building interiors, and cityscapes. She believes, “architects and urban designers could be much humbler,” and “not make decisions for other people.” She describes her goal “to make some kind of interaction at the right time and at the right place,” and summarizes her four design principles as Create as little intervention as possible, Create as many options as possible for circulation and experience, Control and not-control and Nature as a metaphor.
Eleni Gigantes and Elia Zenghelis present the first project they produced as an office, Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin, which created housing while responding to the difficult history of the area. They discuss the design of bungalows on a beach in Greece in terms of landscape design and urbanism. They present projects for Parc de la Villette, the Venice Biennale, and a competition for the Dominican Republic. They present a selection of recent work from their office in Athens. They document a government sponsored competition for a casino located on reclaimed land. They present another casino project, discussing the influence of Jon Jerde’s CityWalk. Gigantes and Zenghelis conclude with dormitories for a summer camp in Japan, designed with attention to the site and natural surroundings. They discuss their collaboration with engineers and builders.