Video Archive | Brutalism (7)

Charles Jencks Recent Italian And Japanese...
Charles Jencks describes how the modern movement made its way into Japanese culture. Jencks discusses the machine age as a way of...
Charles Jencks New Japanese Architecture-clip_2196
Charles Jencks talks about the Japanese machine aesthetic of the 1970s. He also discusses the idea of design syntax, and its use...
Charles Jencks New Japanese Architecture-clip_2201
Charles Jencks describes the move away from unmeaningful city design towards urban identification. Jencks talks about metaphor...
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1697
Charles Jencks describes the architectural scene in London after 1951 as an era of reinvention, focused on social housing. He...
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1705
Charles Jencks moves onto contemporary British architecture by discussing the work of Cedric Price, Norman Foster, Ralph Erskine,...
Charles Jencks New British Architecture
Charles Jencks, starting from the reconstruction after World War II , reviews the evolution of current English architecture. He...
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1698
Charles Jencks discusses the evolutionary process of Alison and Peter Smithson and their interest in topographical form. He...

Charles Jencks Recent Italian And Japanese Architecture-clip_2176

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Charles Jencks describes how the modern movement made its way into Japanese culture. Jencks discusses the machine age as a way of propelling architecture into a public realm, which eventually led to its degradation. Using examples of stadiums, civic centers, cathedrals, and expos, Jencks surveys the current state of Japanese architecture.


Charles Jencks New Japanese Architecture-clip_2196

Subclip

Charles Jencks talks about the Japanese machine aesthetic of the 1970s. He also discusses the idea of design syntax, and its use in a culture’s products. He describesan amalgamation of architectural languages that can rarely be found outside Japan’s industrialized cities. Jencks defines the style as tradition and contemporary issues colliding in harmony.


Charles Jencks New Japanese Architecture-clip_2201

Subclip

Charles Jencks describes the move away from unmeaningful city design towards urban identification. Jencks talks about metaphor and identity and how many designers are more talk than action. He discusses social housing, presenting Team 10 as an example of a group that talked about the vernacular, but practiced an uncritical modernism.


Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1697

Subclip

Charles Jencks describes the architectural scene in London after 1951 as an era of reinvention, focused on social housing. He describes how the Greater London Council implemented current planning theories at an urban scale resulting in failure. Jencks presents the Smithsons as a radical alternative to acceptable British norms and the emergence of Brutalism as a signifier of cultural change. He reviews Brutalism’s evolution through the projects of Dennis Lasden and others.


Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1705

Subclip

Charles Jencks moves onto contemporary British architecture by discussing the work of Cedric Price, Norman Foster, Ralph Erskine, and others. He describes Price’s Thinkbelt Project as one of Foster’s early influences, using Foster’s IBM Center and Black Piano to illustrate this further. Jencks also gives a briefe account of how, toward the mid-1970s, English architects begin to assemble and pull together many traditions of British architecture into collective cohesion, a theme that comes into much more prominence during the postmodern period.


Charles Jencks New British Architecture

May 19, 1976 | Video Lecturer:

Charles Jencks, starting from the reconstruction after World War II , reviews the evolution of current English architecture. He describes the styles and methods of the Smithsons, Cedric Price, Norman Foster, Archigram, James Stirling, and Ralph Erskine. Beginning at the Townscape movement and shifting to Brutalism, Pop Art, and Neo-Palladianism, Jencks discusses changing social trends, political tendencies, and architectural ideas that affected, advanced, and eventually asphyxiated the aspirations of each era.

Clips

Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1697
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1697
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1699
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1699
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1705
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1705
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1704
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1704
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Charles Jencks answers questions on contemporary, English architectural practice. He discusses Archigram's waning influence....
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1696
Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1696
Charles Jencks begins in post-World War II England, discussing the politics behind the reconstruction in English cities according...

Charles Jencks New British Architecture-clip_1698

Subclip

Charles Jencks discusses the evolutionary process of Alison and Peter Smithson and their interest in topographical form. He points out how Brutalism included a return to earlier “Townscape” ideals. This leads to a discussion of the work of James Stirling. Jencks discusses Stirling’s ability to use distance and form to create illusions and circulation resulting in an extremely expressionistic style. Using projects like the Leicester Engineering building and Olivetti Training Center, Jencks describes Stirling’s style, ambitions, and “demise.”