Choosing not to talk about urban planning, Jorge Silvetti focuses on on how he and his partner Rodolfo Machado think about buildings. He discusses a project in South Park in Manhattan, their entry for a competition for the Huston Medical Center Nursing School which required them to work with extreme climatic conditions. Silvetti describes how they approached the renovation of the Getty Villa as museum curators, creating a context for the building that would inform the visitor’s experience. Treating the villa as one of many artifacts on the site helped them to formulate an architectural response. They used a typical Roman villa as a guide.
Video Archive | Classical architecture (6)
Werner Oechslin discusses the geometric construction of typography and its relationship to architecture. He stresses the importance of tools and the impact of increasingly sophisticated tools on architecture. Oechslin
discusses architectural drawing, focusing on Vitruvius and Palladio. He distinguishes artistic from architectural drawings, and argues that Vitruvius equated “design” with “idea.”
William Curtis discusses Le Corbusier’s travels to the East, where he studied mosques in Istanbul and works of classical antiquity. His sketches reveal him reducing classical works to their basic geometric forms, which he applies to his own work. In this way he fuses a variety of classical forms and typologies while remaining a resolute modernist.
After a brief introduction by Reyner Banham, G?ran Schildt discusses Alvar Aalto as a mediator between the classical and the modernist traditions. Schildt presents texts written by Aalto, and demonstrates Aalto’s interest in architectural research with examples from Aalto’s work.
Ken Butti reflects on the long history of designing communities and spaces to exploit
solar energy passively. Butti discusses how new cities in classical Greece were designed to minimize fuel needs during the winter. During the Middle Ages this concern with solar design faded, but was revived later during the Renaissance. In the 19th and 20th centuries solar design was associated with improving the quality of life for the working classes.
Fred Koetter reflects on the idea of convention versus invention and how he aims to create interesting architectural responses by referencing and reinterpreting the fundamental elements of architecture. Koether first discusses historic and classical uses of convention. Next he presents his own residential, high-rise and urban projects in which he reinterprets conventions.