Tibetan monks introduced by Barry Bryant begin the Mandala sand painting by creating the outline of a small lotus flower that will be in the center of a larger lotus. Bryant explains that the lotus flower symbolizes compassion because its beauty bares no resemblance to the muddy water from which it grows. The mandala is part of the secret tantra known only to the monks. These secret teachings passed from one generation to the next creates a lineage of knowledge that connects the monks to the Buddha. After achieving enlightenment, the first Dalai Lama began a lineage of lamas, called Tulku, that can reincarnate at will.