Cuff discusses the removal of individuals from their homes through eminent domain, and relocating them in new residences. She cites the development of Elysian Park Heights in Los Angeles and the controversy surrounding public housing in an era of anti-communist sentiment. Cuff discusses the role of the Los Angeles Times in blocking public housing. She describes how the modernist design aspect of faded from urban visions and design ideals for the private housing sector.
Video Archive | Socialism (7)
Bart Lootsma describes a recent research trip to clarify economic, social and density issues in the Netherlands by studying current conditions in major cities in Asia. He reviews the historic role of socialism in the Netherlands and the effects of deregulation on housing. He describes the sudden arrival of modernity to Asia. Lootsma describes his methodology and documentation process.
Jan Van Toorn warns that he will be discussing graphic and communications design theoretically, beginning with an overview of the Dutch political system, and the interplay of public and private interests. He suggests that the government’s dominating presence in everyday life in Holland derives from its historic function of coordinating essential flooding and land-reclamation projects. He talks about the Berlage Institute, the role of architects in Holland, and the presence of intellectuals in public debate. He discusses the possibilities of the recuperation of society and democracy through communication design. He hopes that the revitalization and renewal of art, design and theory as truly public practices can continue despite conservative trends.
Catherine Cooke reviews the impact of constructivist methods. She discusses the efficient and economical housing which developed as a response to the housing shortage in the Soviet Union. She reviews different approaches to urbanism in Soviet cities, including proposals for alternative forms of settlement, and the integration of rural and urban populations. Cooke emphasizes distance measured by time, inverting the spatial conventions of traditional urban planning. Cooke concludes with a review of contemporary architects, such as Bernard Tschumi and Rem Koolhaas, who have been influenced by constructivism.
Glen Small discusses his work in Nicaragua, stressing the economic, social and political aspects. He describes working with the Sandinista goverment and compares different lifestyles and standards of living between government and private enterprises.
Rem Koolhaas describes in detail his Parc de la Villette competition entry. He talks about the French government’s desire to create a “park for the twenty-first century.” Koolhaas shows original sketches while discussing the site, program, and context analysis that led to the project’s conceptual scheme. He also touches upon how certain motifs his office constantly explores crop up in this entry.
Charles Jencks, starting from the reconstruction after World War II , reviews the evolution of current English architecture. He describes the styles and methods of the Smithsons, Cedric Price, Norman Foster, Archigram, James Stirling, and Ralph Erskine. Beginning at the Townscape movement and shifting to Brutalism, Pop Art, and Neo-Palladianism, Jencks discusses changing social trends, political tendencies, and architectural ideas that affected, advanced, and eventually asphyxiated the aspirations of each era.